Misleading Of Democratic India (MODI) through Social Media
One month in office, TOI takes stock of
AAP govt’s promise
A long-lasting battery that runs on sugar!
Times of India |2 days ago |Posted By: SAMEER BHATI
Flowers cover swastikas after mosque attack
Published: 07 Jan 2014 15:38 GMT+01:00
Updated: 07 Jan 2014 15:38 GMT+01:00
Several swastikas scrawled on the facade of the Stockholm mosque were covered by flowers on Monday, leading the Islamic Association’s chairman to hope “the quiet majority” is finally speaking up.
- Swastikas scrawled on Stockholm mosque (02 Jan 14)
- Stockholm mosque hit in pig’s trotters attack (18 Nov 13)
- Godmother of Swedish etiquette battles dinner-table racists (17 Oct 13)
Last Thursday morning, members of the Stockholm Muslim congregation arrived at the mosque on Södermalm to find the doors were covered in Nazi graffiti. By Monday morning, however, a much more positive display had taken their place: bouquets of pink and white flowers were taped over the black swastikas, and a note of solidarity was tied to the door.
“For every hate crime there is a flower,” the sign read. “An attack on you is an attack on Sweden! We stand together!”
Flowers were also placed outside the mosque in Fittja, which had its windows smashed and pig feet tossed in back in November, as well as a Hagsätra church which had also been vandalized with swastikas last Friday.
“I thought society was moving the wrong direction. But now my view changed 180 degrees,” Omar Mustafa, chairman of the Swedish Islamic Association, told The Local. “Members of the congregation arrived for the morning prayer at 7am and called me saying there were flowers on the mosque. They sent me a picture and I felt strength and encouragement in a whole new way.”
The mosque in central Stockholm, which opened its doors in 2000, is no stranger to vandalism, receiving threats and falling prey to hate crimes each month. But Wednesday’s attack was unusual in its magnitude and directness.
“We’re used to receiving hateful emails and letters, so they’re not abnormal. But they also don’t feel so real,” Mustafa mused. “But I’ve never seen something like this before, right on the front door. It was a very strong message of hate.”
The mosque had been vandalized before, but not with swastikas, representatives said. The attack followed close on the heels of a neo-Nazi attack in the suburb of Kärrtorp, which was later met by a display of solidarity when more than 16,000 Swedes gathered to peacefully demonstrate against racism.
Mustafa said he hopes such actions against racism will encourage others to speak up.
“We know that a majority of people in Sweden are against hate and racism. But the majority is also very quiet. What was surprising this time was that the majority actually acted, in solidarity, support, and love,” Mustafa said.
In 2013, around 300 hate crimes against Muslims were reported in Sweden, and such incidents are on the rise according to the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brottsförebyggande rådet). Innumerable crimes also go unreported due to fears that media exposure will increase hate crimes. And Mustafa fears things may get worse before they get better, especially with Swedish elections coming up this fall.
“Hate is becoming more and more open, and 2013 was a very difficult year,” he said. “There were a lot of debates about racism, and many were very negative. I am very afraid that racist parties and movements will win more seats and become a bigger part of decision-making, as we’ve seen in Denmark and Norway. But I hope this kind of action helps more and more people take action.”
Mustafa and others posted images of the flowers on social media sites, which spread like wildfire and garnered attention and support in Sweden as well as abroad.
“When you get this kind of support in flowers or social media, you suddenly feel that you are not alone,” Mustafa told The Local. “It’s proof that society is not racist on the whole. I don’t think that the flowers will knock out racism, but it is a strong message. And I think more and more people are lifting their voices against racism and taking action, and I think more and more will.”
UN: Dozens killed in Myanmar village
More than 40 Muslims were killed when a Buddhist mob armed with knives and machetes attacked a village, officials say.
Last updated: 23 Jan 2014 20:40
The UN has called Myanmar’s 1 million Rohingya one of the most persecuted minorities in the world [Reuters]
The United Nations says over 40 Muslims were killed when a Buddhist mob stormed a village in an isolated corner of western Myanmar last week, hunting down residents with knives and machetes, the UN said. .
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, said on Thursday she had received credible information that eight Rohingya Muslim men were attacked and killed in Du Chee Yar Tan village by local Rakhine on January 9, followed by a clash in the same village the following week that the UN believes killed at least 40 Rohingya Muslim men, women and children, bringing the total to at least 48.
“I deplore the loss of life in Du Chee Yar Tan and call on the authorities to carry out a full, prompt and impartial investigation and ensure that victims and their families receive justice,” she said.
The second clash, on January 13, followed the reported kidnapping and killing of a police sergeant by Rohingya residents, according to witnesses and rights groups.
Myanmar’s government has denied reports of a massacre. Presidential spokesman, Ye Htut, said on Thursday that he “strongly objects” to the UN claims, calling them “totally wrong.”
The incident in Du Char Yar Tan, a village in Northern Rakhine state, appears to be the deadliest in a year, and would bring the total number killed nationwide in sectarian violence to more than 280, most of them Muslims.
Another 250,000 people have fled their homes. Northern Rakhine is home to 80 percent of the country’s 1 million Muslim Rohingya population, and is off-limits to foreign journalists. Access for humanitarian aid workers is severely restricted.
An independent Thailand-based rights group, Fortify Rights, also said on Thursday that more than 40 were killed.
Security forces surrounded Du Char Yar Tan on January 14 after Rohingya Muslim residents allegedly abducted and killed a police sergeant, according to residents who spoke on condition of anonymity because they feared reprisals.
Worried about retaliatory attacks, most of the men fled, and soldiers and police did nothing to stop a Buddhist mob that entered the village with knives and guns, attacking women, children and others left behind, they said.
The Myanmar government has repeatedly denied that any violence took place in the area, apart from the death of the police sergeant and an alleged attack by Rohingya Muslims on police.
There are around 1 million Rohingya in Myanmar. The UN has called them one of the most persecuted minorities in the world.
Calculus created in India 250 years before Newton: study
Researchers in England may have finally settled the centuries-old debate over who gets credit for the creation of calculus.
Dr. George Gheverghese Joseph. (Credit: Image courtesy of University of Manchester)
For years, English scientist Isaac Newton and German philosopher Gottfried Leibniz both claimed credit for inventing the mathematical system sometime around the end of the seventeenth century.
Now, a team from the universities of Manchester and Exeter says it knows where the true credit lies — and it’s with someone else completely.
The “Kerala school,” a little-known group of scholars and mathematicians in fourteenth century India, identified the “infinite series” — one of the basic components of calculus — around 1350.
Dr. George Gheverghese Joseph, a member of the research team, says the findings should not diminish Newton or Leibniz, but rather exalt the non-European thinkers whose contributions are often ignored.
“The beginnings of modern mathsis usually seen as a European achievement but the discoveries in medieval India between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries have been ignored or forgotten,” he said. “The brilliance of Newton’s work at the end of the seventeenth century stands undiminished — especially when it came to the algorithms of calculus.
“But other names from the Kerala School, notably Madhava and Nilakantha, should stand shoulder to shoulder with him as they discovered the other great component of calculus — infinite series.”
He argues that imperialist attitudes are to blame for suppressing the true story behind the discovery of calculus.
“There were many reasons why the contribution of the Kerala school has not been acknowledged,” he said. “A prime reason is neglect of scientific ideas emanating from the Non-European world, a legacy of European colonialism and beyond.”
However, he concedes there are other factors also in play.
“There is also little knowledge of the medieval form of the local language of Kerala, Malayalam, in which some of most seminal texts, such as the Yuktibhasa, from much of the documentation of this remarkable mathematics is written,” he admits.
Joseph made the discovery while conducting research for the as-yet unpublished third edition of his best-selling book The Crest of the Peacock: the Non-European Roots of Mathematics.
India is the only country in the world which has both tigers and lions in the wild.
India has classified dolphins as “non-human persons” (due to the animal, er, the non-human’s near human intelligence) and has ordered their release from captivity.
Despite having a majority of Hindus, India has more mosques than any other nation in the world.
India has the world’s largest school in terms of pupils, the City Montessori School, which has nearly 45 thousand pupils.
Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun before any other astronomer. He said that the earth took 365.258756484 days.
Varanasi is Asia’s oldest continuously inhabited city.
Only Africa is ahead of India in terms of linguistic, genetic and cultural diversity. And Africa is a continent.
India was the first country in the world to produce steel.
The first reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Gujarat by, no, not Narendra Modi, but by the Saka king Rudradaman I.
Rabindranath Tagore has written the national anthems of India andBangladesh (Jan Gana Man and Amar Sonar Bangla).
Veterinary science was developed in India.
Indian Railways employs over 1 million people. That’s more than the entire population of many nations.
The world’s largest film studio is Ramoji Film City in Hyderabad.
Indians developed the largest measure of time, known as kalpa, which is nearly 25 billion years.
Cricket may be a religion now, but India has won 6 gold medals in field hockeyback to back at the Olympics and a total of 8 golds. Talk about domination. A nation losing 5-0 to India was considered brilliant.
India is one of the few places which has fused religion and science. In Hindusim, there is a God of engineers and architects, Vishwakarma. In India, whenever a section of a bridge or building is completed, He is worshipped.
India has 3 biodiversity hotspots, no other country, or even continent exceptBrazil and Indonesia have more than 2.
India’s economic rise since the 90’s has been meteoric. India’s share of World GDP was earlier 33%, and then fell to 3% during the British Raj.
India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailandand Indonesia.
The India-Pakistan World Cup semi-final match in Mohali drew 150 million viewers worldwide.
Once a person becomes a Hindu Sadhu, he becomes legally dead and can therefore, can ride trains for free.
Dead Man Walking
Cotton was domesticated in India.
India in Chinese is pronounced as Yindu (“印度”).
The Grand Anicut Dam of the state of Tamil Nadu was built over 2000 years ago and is still standing.
In Madhya Pradesh, policemen are given a rise in their salaries if they grow a moustache.
The policemen in the above picture are not from M.P.
India has a better voter turnout than the United States of America.
In Rajasthan, the body hair of a camel is often cut or trimmed in festivals ormelas (fairs) to give them an attractive look.
Some may have a misconception that huge dinosaurs never roamed India butBruhathkayosaurus, according to some, was the largest dinosaur that ever lived. Its remains were found near Trichy, in Tamil Nadu. Its name is derived from bruhath, meaning huge in Sanskrit, and kay, meaning body.
India has the world’s second largest stadium by seating capacity, the Salt Lake Stadium. (The largest is said to be one in North Korea, its my personal opinion but I don’t think that their regime’s figures can be trusted.)
The Koh-i-Noor Diamond is a famous diamond which was mined in India and is currently a part of the British Imperial Crown, but what many don’t know is thatThe Hope Diamond, which has been touted as the world’s most famous diamond was also mined in India.
All the ten stores or outlets which sold the most amount of pizzas, are in India.
George Orwell, the writer of Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm was born in Motihari, in the Indian state of Bihar.
Captain Nemo (Prince Dakkar), the famous character of Twenty ThousandLeagues Under The Sea, is the son of the Hindu Raja of Bundelkhand.
His famous ship, The Nautilus (See the Shiv Linga on the top).
V.K. Krishna Menon was once described as India’s second most powerful man, second only to the Prime Minister. He was a seasoned diplomat. in 1957, Mr. Menon delivered an eight hour speech defending India’s stance on Kashmir at the United Nations. This is the longest speech ever in the UN.
Such is the size of Mumbai, that if the Pakistani administration ever had the suicidal thought of nuking South Bombay with their biggest bomb, the immediate damage would not be felt in the suburbs (although radiation would still do a lot of damage).
The Mahabharata is the world’s longest epic. Its length is ten times more than that of the Illiad and the Odyssey combined and is much longer than any other religious text or epic.
The world’s first recorded manhunt was launched for a pirate, Henry Every, after he destroyed a Mughal ship, the Ganj-i-Sawai, by the British East India Company after they were defeated and imprisoned by the Mughal Emperor Abul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Mohammed Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb was the world’s richest and most powerful ruler while he lived. This holds true for nearly all of India’s emperors.
Academician from Astana solves one of most difficult math problems of millennium
ASTANA. January 10, 2014, 16:33 (10:33 GMT). BNews.kz Photo resource enu.kz
Academician from Astana Mukhtarbai Otelbayev has solved one of seven most difficult mathematical millennium problems, the press service of the Eurasian National University reports.Mukhtarbay Otelbaev, Prof. Dr., Academician of the NAS of the RK, Director of the Eurasian Mathematical Institute of L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, completed and published paper “Existence of a strong solution of the Navier-Stokes equations” in the press.
The importance of the publication is that this problem is included in the 7 most complex mathematical problems, which are called “millennium problems”. Note that for the solution of each of these problems Clay Mathematics Institute in early 2000 announced a prize of $ 1 million. Currently, only one of the seven Millennium problems (Poincaré conjecture) is solved. The Fields Prize for her decision was awarded to G.Perelman.
Full Article of Muhtarbay Otelbaev was published in “Mathematical Journal” (2013, v.13 , № 4 (50)) http://www.math.kz/index.php/ru/513.
To recall that the area of Muhtarbay Otelbaev’s scientific interests included spectral theory of operators, theory of operators’ contraction and expansion, investment theory of functional spaces, approximation theory, computational mathematics, inverse problems.
Mukhtarbay Otelbaev is the winner of the title “Man of Science of the Year” in contest “Altyn Adam” (“Man of the Year in Kazakhstan ” in the category “Science”) 2002; in 2002-2003, 2004 – 2005 is the Winner of the state scientific grant for scientists and experts who have made outstanding contributions to the development of science and technology, winner of the Economic Cooperation Organization in the “Science and Technology“, 2004, winner of the MES grant of the RK “Best university teacher”, laureate of the State Prize of the Republic Kazakhstan in the field of science and technology.
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Mexican-American Discovers Truth of Islam
After months of study and research, I could not deny the Truth anymore
My name is Ali. I’m a 29 year old Mexican American, or as some would say, a Chicano.
I think my story will in sha’ Allah (God willing) help people understand Islam and why it attracted me.
Many people have a wrong perception about Islam and Muslims. What little they know is usually from Movies and Television, which is almost all the time false.
My life before was bad – I had no direction. I was wasting my life away by dropping out of school in the 11th grade. I would hang out in the streets with my friends “partying,” getting high, drinking and selling marijuana.
Most of my friends were gang members (I myself was never in a gang). I knew most of them before they were criminals and drug dealers, so it was not a problem. I slowly began to use harder drugs. I had dreams but they seemed too far away for me to make them a reality. The more I became depressed, the more I turned to drugs as a temporary escape.
One day a friend of mine told me that he knew where to get some good marijuana. I was eager to sample and buy some, so I agreed to go check it out. We arrived and went inside this apartment where there were a couple of people inside. We sat around and talked for a while and “sampled” the weed. My friend and I bought some and were getting ready to leave when my friend told me that one of the guys there invited us to his apartment to give him a book.
We left for the guy’s apartment, and when we got there, he gave my friend a book and asked him to read it, saying that it might help him out with his problems in life. On the way home I asked my friend to show me the book. It was the Quran.
I had never in my life heard of the Quran. I began to briefly read some pages. While I was reading Quran, I knew that what I was reading was true. It was like a slap in the face – a wake up call. The Quran is so clear and easy to understand. I was really impressed and wanted to know more about Islam and Muslims.
More Inspiring Stories
The strangest thing is that I was not looking for a new religion. I used to laugh at people who went to church, and sometimes I said that there was no God, although deep down I knew there was. I decided to go to the library a couple of days later and check out the Quran. I began to read it and study it. I learned about the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the true story of Jesus son of Mary (peace be upon him).
The Quran stressed the fact that God was one and had no partners or a son: This was most interesting to me since I never understood the concept of the Trinity. The Quran describes the birth of Jesus and his mission. There is also a Chapter called Mary which tells her story as well.
As a child I always went to church. My mother was a Seventh-Day Adventist and took my sister and me every Saturday. I never was really religious and stopped going to church when I was about 14 or 15. The rest of my family is Catholic. I always wondered why we were Seventh-Day Adventists and the rest of my family was Catholic. When we would go visit my family back in Mexico, we went to a Catholic church for weddings and quencenira’s (sweet 16 celebration).
Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the last Messenger of God sent to all mankind. The Quran tells the stories of all the Prophets such as Adam, Abraham, Noah, Isaac, David, Moses, Jesus (Peace be upon them all) in a clear and understandable manner. I did months of research on Islam, and I bought a Holy Quran at a bookstore and studied about World History and Islam’s contributions to Medicine and Science.
I learned that Spain was a Muslim country for about 800 years, and that when the Muslims were expelled from Spain by the Christian King and Queen (Ferdinand and Isabel), the Christian Spaniards came to Mexico and forced the Aztecs and others to become Catholic. History and my Islamic roots were all becoming clear to me.
|Being Muslim has really changed my life for the better thanks to Almighty God.|
After months of study and research, I could not deny the Truth anymore. I had put it off too long, but was still living the same life as before and knew that if I became Muslim I had to give all that up.
One day while reading the Quran, I began to cry and fell to my knees and thanked Allah for guiding me to the Truth. I found out that there was a Mosque by my house so I went one Friday to see how Muslims prayed and conducted their services.
I saw that people from all races and colors attended the Mosque. I saw that they took off their shoes when entering and sat on the carpeted floor. A man got up and began to call the adhan (call for prayer). When I heard it, my eyes filled up with tears – it sounded so beautiful. It was all so strange at first, but seemed so right at the same time. Islam is not just a Religion, but a way of life.
After going to a mosque for a couple of Fridays, I was ready to be a Muslim and say my shahadah (declaration of faith). I told the Khateeb (person giving the lecture) that I wanted to be a Muslim. The following Friday, in front of the community, I said my shahadah, first in Arabic then in English: I bear witness that there is no other God but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is His Messenger.
When I finished, a Brother shouted, “Takbir!” and the entire congregation said, “Allahu akbar!” (God is great!) a few times. Then all the Brothers came and hugged me. I never received so many hugs in one day. I will never forget that day, it was great. I have been Muslim since 1997. I feel at peace with myself and clear in my religion. Being Muslim has really changed my life for the better thanks to Almighty God. I received my G.E.D. and now work in the computer field.
I had the blessing of being able to perform Hajj (Pilgrimage) to the Holy city of Makkah. It was an experience of a lifetime: about 3 million people from every race and color in one place worshiping one God. Truly amazing! Alhamdulillah (all thanks be to God) in December of 2002, I got married in Morocco to a very good Muslim woman.
I think that Islam is the answer for the problems of the youth and society in general. I hope my story in sha’ Allah will attract more Latinos and people of all races to the Light of Islam.
SMART HEARING AID
DEVRISHI KHANNA AND ROHIT MODI
Normally, hearing aid circuits consume battery power continuously once they are switched on. The circuit given here saves battery power by switching on the sound amplifier section only when sound is detected. The sensitivity of the detection section and the ‘on’ time duration of the sound amplifier circuit can be set by the user. Also the circuit uses only a single condenser mic for sound detection and amplification.
As is clear from the above, this hearing aid consists of a condenser microphone, earphone, and sound detection and amplification sections. The sound detection section employs a quad op-amp IC LM324 (IC1(A)) and a timer NE555 (IC2). The sound signal received at the mic is pre-amplified by transistor BC549 (T1). The voltage at its collector is fed to the inverting terminal (pin 2) of op-amp IC1(A), which is used as a comparator. The reference voltage (Vref) at the non-inverting terminal (pin 3) of IC1(A) is set using preset VR1. The preset is also used to control the sensitivity of the sound signals received by the circuit. The output from pin 1 of IC1(A) is fed to the trigger input (pin 2) of timer NE555, which is configured in monostable mode.
When sufficient sound signal strength is detected at the base of transistor T1, the pulsating voltage at its collector exceeds the reference voltage at pin 3. As a result, output pin 1 of IC1(A) goes low. The low output from IC1(A) triggers the NE555 timer and its output goes high for a preset duration. R4 and C2 are the timing components for setting the time duration. The high output of the timer is directly used as the power source for the sound amplifier section.
The sound amplifier section is built around transistors T2 through T5. The last amplifier stage T5 (pnp transistor BC558) drives the earphone. The sound signal received from the mic is fed to the non-inverting pin of the second op-amp of IC1(B) which is wired in unity follower configuration. The unity follower mode resolves the problem of impedance mismatch which would have occured if the output of the mic is fed directly to amplifier stage. The output from pin 7 of IC1(B) is fed to the base of transistor T2. The weak signal received at transistor stage T2 is further amplified by transistors T3, T4 and T5. An earphone to listen to the sound is connected between the collector of T5 and ground. It is recommended to use a mono earphone with volume control attached.
With 9V DC supply, when sound is detected through the mic, the amplifier section is automatically triggered and the current consumption of the circuit is about 96 mA. When the amplifier circuit is ‘off,’ the circuit draws a current of about 6 mA only, thus saving considerable amount of battery power